Montenegro
Extent of IFRS applicationStatusAdditional Information
IFRS Standards are required for domestic public companies IFRS Standards are required for listed companies and financial institutions.
IFRS Standards are permitted but not required for domestic public companies
IFRS Standards are required or permitted for listings by foreign companies IFRS Standards are required.
The IFRS for SMEs Standard is required or permitted No. All legal entities are required to use full IFRS Standards.
The IFRS for SMEs Standard is under consideration

Montenegro

RELEVANT JURISDICTIONAL AUTHORITY

Organisation

Ministarstvo Finansija (MoF) [Ministry of Finance]

Institut Računovođa I Revizora Crne Gore (IRRCG) [Institute of Accountants and Auditors of Montenegro]

Institut sertifikovanih računovođa Crne Gore (ISRCG) [Institute of Certified Accountants of Montenegro]

Role of the organisation
Pursuant to the Law on Accounting and Auditing, the Government has given authority to adopt, translate and publish the IFRS Standards to a consortium led by the Institute of Certified Accountants of Montenegro (ISRCG).
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COMMITMENT TO GLOBAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS

Has the jurisdiction made a public commitment in support of moving towards a single set of high quality global accounting standards?

Yes. Article 3 of the Law on Amendments to the Law on Accounting and Auditing (Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro, No 69/05 of 18 November 2005 and Official Gazette of Montenegro No 80/08 of 26 December 2008) states:

Legal entities shall compile financial statements in compliance with the International Accountant Standards (IAS), or the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), as promulgated by the IASB, and adopted and published by the Competent Authority that obtained a translation and publishing copyright from the relevant body of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC).

Has the jurisdiction made a public commitment towards IFRS Standards as that single set of high quality global accounting standards?
Yes. See above.
What is the jurisdiction's status of adoption?
Montenegro has adopted IFRS Standards.
Additional comments provided on the adoption status?
None.
If the jurisdiction has NOT made a public statement supporting the move towards a single set of accounting standards and/or towards IFRS Standards as that set of standards, explain the jurisdiction's general position towards the adoption of IFRS Standards in the jurisdiction.
Not applicable.

EXTENT OF IFRS APPLICATION

For DOMESTIC companies whose debt or equity securities trade in a public market in the jurisdiction:

Are all or some domestic companies whose securities trade in a public market either required or permitted to use IFRS Standards in their consolidated financial statements?
IFRS Standards.
If YES, are IFRS Standards REQUIRED or PERMITTED?
Required.
Does that apply to ALL domestic companies whose securities trade in a public market, or only SOME? If some, which ones?
Not applicable.
Are IFRS Standards also required or permitted for more than the consolidated financial statements of companies whose securities trade in a public market?
Yes.
For instance, are IFRS Standards required or permitted in separate company financial statements of companies whose securities trade in a public market?
IFRS Standards are required in separate financial statements.
For instance, are IFRS Standards required or permitted for companies whose securities do not trade in a public market?
IFRS Standards are required.
If the jurisdiction currently does NOT require or permit the use of IFRS Standards for domestic companies whose securities trade in a public market, are there any plans to permit or require IFRS Standards for such companies in the future?
Not applicable.

For FOREIGN companies whose debt or equity securities trade in a public market in the jurisdiction:

Are all or some foreign companies whose securities trade in a public market either REQUIRED or PERMITTED to use IFRS Standards in their consolidated financial statements?
IFRS Standards.
If YES, are IFRS Standards REQUIRED or PERMITTED in such cases?
Required.
Does that apply to ALL foreign companies whose securities trade in a public market, or only SOME? If some, which ones?
Not applicable.

IFRS ENDORSEMENT

Which IFRS Standards are required or permitted for domestic companies?
IFRS Standards as issued by the IASB Board.
The auditor's report and/or the basis of presentation footnote states that financial statements have been prepared in conformity with:
IFRS Standards.
Does the auditor's report and/or the basis of preparation footnote allow for ‘dual reporting’ (conformity with both IFRS Standards and the jurisdiction’s GAAP)?
No.
Are IFRS Standards incorporated into law or regulations?
Yes. See above.
If yes, how does that process work?
IFRS Standards are required by law. This covers all new and amended IFRS Standards. There is no need to incorporate individual new or amended IFRS Standards into law or regulations.
If no, how do IFRS Standards become a requirement in the jurisdiction?
Not applicable.
Does the jurisdiction have a formal process for the 'endorsement' or 'adoption' of new or amended IFRS Standards (including Interpretations) in place?
No.
If yes, what is the process?
Not applicable.
If no, how do new or amended IFRS Standards become a requirement in the jurisdiction?
The requirement to use IFRS Standards in the Law on Accounting and Auditing covers all new and amended IFRS Standards. There is no need to incorporate individual new or amended IFRS Standards into law or regulations.
Has the jurisdiction eliminated any accounting policy options permitted by IFRS Standards and/or made any modifications to any IFRS Standards?
No.
If yes, what are the changes?
Not applicable.
Other comments regarding the use of IFRS Standards in the jurisdiction?
None.

TRANSLATION OF IFRS STANDARDS

Are IFRS Standards translated into the local language?
IFRS Standards are not currently translated into Montenegrin. Languages in official use in Montenegro are Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian. Translations of IFRS Standards into those languages are available. The Serbian translation is generally used.
If they are translated, what is the translation process? In particular, does this process ensure an ongoing translation of the latest updates to IFRS Standards?
The translations referred to above are official translations.

APPLICATION OF THE IFRS FOR SMEs STANDARD

Has the jurisdiction adopted the IFRS for SMEs Standard for at least some SMEs?
No.
If no, is the adoption of the IFRS for SMEs Standard under consideration?
No.
Did the jurisdiction make any modifications to the IFRS for SMEs Standard?
Not applicable.
If the jurisdiction has made any modifications, what are those modifications?
Not applicable.
Which SMEs use the IFRS for SMEs Standard in the jurisdiction, and are they required or permitted to do so?
Not applicable.
For those SMEs that are not required to use the IFRS for SMEs Standard, what other accounting framework do they use?
The Law on Accounting and Auditing requires all companies to use IFRS Standards.
Other comments regarding use of the IFRS for SMEs Standard?
A January 2016 report prepared by the World Bank’s Financial Sector Assessment Program recommends adoption of the IFRS for SMEs Standard in Montenegro and also development of a local standard for micro-sized companies.

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