|Extent of IFRS application||Status||Additional Information|
|IFRS Standards are required for domestic public companies||All domestic companies whose securities trade in a regulated market are required to use IFRS Standards as adopted by the EU in their consolidated financial statements.|
|IFRS Standards are permitted but not required for domestic public companies|
|IFRS Standards are required or permitted for listings by foreign companies||IFRS Standards as adopted by the EU are required in their consolidated financial statements except that a foreign company whose home jurisdiction’s standards are deemed by the EU to be equivalent to IFRS Standards may use its home standards.|
|The IFRS for SMEs Standard is required or permitted||No.|
|The IFRS for SMEs Standard is under consideration||No.|
Cyprus Company Law requires all companies to use IFRS in the preparation of their financial statements.
The ICPAC is the organisation of professional accountants in Cyprus. While the ICPAC does not set accounting standards, it promotes high quality implementation of accounting standards through its code of ethics and educational activities.
As a member state of the European Union, Cyprus is subject to EU 1606/2002 Regulation on the application of international accounting standards (IAS).
The EU IAS Regulation requires application of IFRS Standards as adopted by the EU for the consolidated financial statements of European companies whose securities trade in a regulated securities market starting in 2005. The EU IAS Regulation gives member states the option to require or permit IFRS Standards as adopted by the EU in separate company financial statements (statutory accounts) and/or in the financial statements of companies whose securities do not trade on a regulated securities market. See the Profile for the European Union for more detailed information about the EU IAS Regulation.
There is one regulated market in Cyprus – the Cyprus Stock Exchange.
Cyprus used the option under the IAS Regulation to:
IFRS Standards were required in Cyprus even before the EU IAS Regulation. Since 1981, the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Cyprus has required IAS Standards (as IFRS Standards were called at that time). In addition, International Accounting Standards (IAS) because a requirement of the Cyprus Stock Exchange since 1996, and IFRS Standards became a requirement under Cyprus Stock Exchange legislation since 2003. The use of IFRS Standards is now a requirement of the Cyprus Companies Law.
Required for some and permitted for others. Foreign companies whose securities trade in a regulated market in Cyprus (and generally in the EU) are required to report under IFRS as adopted by the EU for their consolidated financial statements unless the European Commission has deemed their local accounting standards to be equivalent to IFRS Standards, in which case they may use their local standards.
This is laid out on the ‘Financial Reporting’ page of the European Commission’s website.
The European Union has 24 official and working languages. They are: Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish and Swedish. Before they are published in the Official Journal of the European Union, and therefore become binding under EU law, individual IFRS Standards must be translated into all of those languages (other than English and Irish).
Pursuant to a copyright waiver agreement with the Directorate-General for Translation of the European Commission, the Commission takes care of the translation into the official languages according to their own translation process. The translation only covers the standards and mandatory guidance, which is then published in the Official Journal of the European Union.
In addition, some countries (usually the standard setter or institute) have a translation contract with the IFRS Foundation to produce an ‘official translation’ for publication of a bound volume of IFRS Standards (usually the ‘Red Book’) and publication, in some cases, of individual standards and exposure drafts.