IAS 7 prescribes how to present information in a statement of cash flows about how an entity’s cash and cash equivalents changed during the period. Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits. Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and that are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.
The statement classifies cash flows during a period into cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities:
In April 2001 the International Accounting Standards Board adopted IAS 7 Cash Flow Statements, which had originally been issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee in December 1992. IAS 7 Cash Flow Statements replaced IAS 7 Statement of Changes in Financial Position (issued in October 1977).
As a result of the changes in terminology used throughout the IFRS Standards arising from requirements in IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements (issued in 2007), the title of IAS 7 was changed to Statement of Cash Flows.
In January 2016 IAS 7 was amended by Disclosure Initiative (Amendments to IAS 7). These amendments require entities to provide disclosures about changes in liabilities arising from financing activities.
Other Standards have made minor consequential amendments to IAS 7. They include IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements (issued May 2011), IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements (issued May 2011), Investment Entities (Amendments to IFRS 10, IFRS 12 and IAS 27) (issued October 2012), IFRS 16 Leases (issued January 2016) and IFRS 17 Insurance Contracts (issued May 2017).