Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset form part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense. Borrowing costs are interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. IAS 23 provides guidance on how to measure borrowing costs, particularly when the costs of acquisition, construction or production are funded by an entity’s general borrowings.
In April 2001 the International Accounting Standards Board (Board) adopted IAS 23 Borrowing Costs, which had originally been issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee in December 1993. IAS 23 Borrowing Costs replaced IAS 23 Capitalisation of Borrowing Costs (issued in March 1984).
In March 2007 the Board issued a revised IAS 23 that eliminated the option of immediate recognition of borrowing costs as an expense.
Other Standards have made minor consequential amendments to IAS 23. They include Agriculture: Bearer Plants (Amendments to IAS 16 and IAS 41) (issued June 2014), IFRS 9 Financial Instruments (issued July 2014), IFRS 16 Leases (issued January 2016) and Annual Improvements to IFRS Standards 2015–2017 Cycle (issued December 2017).